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Potential implication of aniline derivatives in the Toxic Oil Syndrome (TOS).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20970410     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Toxic Oil Syndrome (TOS) was an epidemic disease appeared in central Spain in 1981, causing over 400 deaths and affecting more than 20,000 people, mainly women and children. The disease was linked to the consumption of rapeseed oil denatured with aniline, illegally refined at the ITH oil refinery in Seville, mixed with other oils and sold as edible olive oil. Among the aniline derivatives detected in the oil batches generated by an uncontrolled deodorisation procedure during the refining process, fatty acid anilides were first postulated as the causal agents. Nevertheless, compounds identified as 3-(N-phenylamino)propane-1,2-diol (PAP) and its mono-, di-, and triacyl derivatives (mPAP, dPAP and tPAP, respectively), were subsequently considered better biomarkers of toxic oils and the best candidates for causing the intoxication. In this account, we will discuss the results obtained in recent years by our group concerning: (a) The effect of different variables intervening in the deodorisation process that could influence the formation of PAP derivatives. To this end we decided to take the aniline derivatives linked to oleic acid as compound models since this is the fatty acid present in highest amounts in rapeseed oil. The study was focused on the influence of different parameters on the formation of the diester PAP derivative (OOPAP) the monoester derivative (OPAP) and the corresponding amide (oleanilide, OA), and the interactions between any two of these variables. Of particular interest was the interaction observed between OOPAP and OA, due to its potential relevance to the final composition of the toxic oil model. (b) Xenobiochemical aspects of PAP derivatives, specifically: the stereospecific hydrolysis of OPAP and OOPAP by human pancreatic lipase, the in vitro activation of PAP by human and rat liver microsomes as well as by recombinant 450 enzymes, and the formation and stability of GSH and N-acetylcysteine adducts of a highly reactive iminoquinone intermediate generated in the biotransformation of PAP.
Authors:
Angel Messeguer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemico-biological interactions     Volume:  192     ISSN:  1872-7786     ISO Abbreviation:  Chem. Biol. Interact.     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0227276     Medline TA:  Chem Biol Interact     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  136-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Nanotechnology, Institute for Advanced Chemistry of Catalonia (IQAC-CSIC), J. Girona, 18, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
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