Document Detail


Potential impacts of iron biofortification in India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18291567     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Iron deficiency is a widespread nutrition and health problem in developing countries, causing impairments in physical activity and cognitive development, as well as maternal mortality. Although food fortification and supplementation programmes have been effective in some countries, their overall success remains limited. Biofortification, that is, breeding food crops for higher micronutrient content, is a relatively new approach, which has been gaining international attention recently. We propose a methodology for ex ante impact assessment of iron biofortification, building on a disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) framework. This methodology is applied in an Indian context. Using a large and representative data set of household food consumption, the likely effects of iron-rich rice and wheat varieties are simulated for different target groups and regions. These varieties, which are being developed by an international public research consortium, based on conventional breeding techniques, might be ready for local distribution within the next couple of years. The results indicate sizeable potential health benefits. Depending on the underlying assumptions, the disease burden associated with iron deficiency could be reduced by 19-58%. Due to the relatively low institutional cost to reach the target population, the expected cost-effectiveness of iron biofortification compares favourably with other micronutrient interventions. Nonetheless, biofortification should not be seen as a substitute for other interventions. Each approach has its particular strengths, so they complement one another.
Authors:
Alexander J Stein; J V Meenakshi; Matin Qaim; Penelope Nestel; H P S Sachdev; Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Related Documents :
9630427 - Iron bioavailability from diets containing isolated or intact sources of lignin.
3463117 - Iron deficiency in the weanling: a nutritional problem on the way to resolution.
11371057 - Development of zn(ii) sensors based on the assisted transfer of metal ions by hydrophob...
20368377 - Zinc supplementation improved cognitive performance and taste acuity in indian adolesce...
2083477 - A clinical comparison of two electric toothbrushes with different mechanical actions.
6494297 - Hippocampal stimulation limits performance but does not retard acquisition of food-rein...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-02-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-17     Completed Date:  2008-08-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1797-808     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Hohenheim, Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences, Inst. 490b, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany. academic@ajstein.de
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / complications,  epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Child
Child, Preschool
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Crops, Agricultural / genetics
Female
Food, Fortified*
Humans
India / epidemiology
Infant
Iron, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Male
Models, Statistical
Oryza sativa / genetics
Plants, Genetically Modified* / genetics
Prevalence
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Triticum / genetics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Iron, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Civil society organisations and global health initiatives: problems of legitimacy.
Next Document:  A lateralization of function approach to sex differences in spatial ability: a reexamination.