Document Detail

Potential distractions and unsafe driving behaviors among drivers of 1- to 12-year-old children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24767781     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: Driver distraction has been identified as a threat to individual drivers and public health. Motor vehicle collisions remain a leading cause of death for children, yet little is known about distractions among drivers of children. This study sought to characterize potential distractions among drivers of children.
METHODS: A 2-site, cross-sectional, computerized survey of child passenger safety practices was conducted among adult drivers of 1- to 12-year-old children who presented for emergency care between October 2011 to May 2012. Drivers indicated the frequency with which they engaged in 10 potential distractions in the past month while driving with their child. Distractions were grouped in 4 categories: 1) nondriving, 2) cellular phone, 3) child, and 4) directions. Information about other unsafe driving behaviors and sociodemographic characteristics was collected.
RESULTS: Nearly 90% of eligible parents participated. Analysis included 570 drivers (92.2%). Non-driving-related and cellular phone-related distractions were disclosed by >75% of participants. Fewer participants disclosed child (71.2%) and directions-related distractions (51.9%). Child age was associated with each distraction category. Cellular phone-related distractions were associated with the child riding daily in the family car, non-Hispanic white, and higher education. Parents admitting to drowsy driving and being pulled over for speeding had over 2 times higher odds of disclosing distractions from each category.
CONCLUSIONS: Distracted driving activities are common among drivers of child passengers and are associated with other unsafe driving behaviors. Child passenger safety may be improved by preventing crash events through the reduction or elimination of distractions among drivers of child passengers.
Michelle L Macy; Patrick M Carter; C Raymond Bingham; Rebecca M Cunningham; Gary L Freed
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Academic pediatrics     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1876-2867     ISO Abbreviation:  Acad Pediatr     Publication Date:    2014 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-04-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101499145     Medline TA:  Acad Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Academic Pediatric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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