Document Detail


Potential Value of a Rice Protein Extract, Containing Proteinaceous Inhibitors against Cysteine Proteinases from Porphyromonas gingivalis, for Managing Periodontal Diseases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23291749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Arg-specific gingipain (Rgp) is a major pathogenic determinant of Porphyromonas gingivalis which is a major pathogen in periodontal disease. We prepared protein extracts with Rgp-inhibitory activity from polished rice (Oryza sativa) and evaluated the effects of these extracts on the growth and pathogenicity of P. gingivalis. The extracts inhibited the proteolytic degradation of human proteins by P. gingivalis proteinases, and repressed the growth and homotypic biofilm formation of P. gingivalis. The disruption of adhesion of epithelial cells by P. gingivalis was also restricted by the rice protein extracts. Our results suggested that the rice protein extracts suppressed the pathogenicity and growth of P. gingivalis by inhibiting the bacterial proteinase activities, implying that the Rgp-inhibitory proteins prepared from rice may be potentially valuable as nutraceutical agents for preventing periodontal diseases.
Authors:
Mayumi Taiyoji; Takashi Yamanaka; Takuo Tsuno; Sadami Ohtsubo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-6947     ISO Abbreviation:  Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205717     Medline TA:  Biosci Biotechnol Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Food Research Center, Niigata Agricultural Research Institute.
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