Document Detail

Potential biodiversity benefits from international programs to reduce carbon emissions from deforestation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22307280     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Deforestation is the second largest anthropogenic source of carbon dioxide emissions and options for its reduction are integral to climate policy. In addition to providing potentially low cost and near-term options for reducing global carbon emissions, reducing deforestation also could support biodiversity conservation. However, current understanding of the potential benefits to biodiversity from forest carbon offset programs is limited. We compile spatial data on global forest carbon, biodiversity, deforestation rates, and the opportunity cost of land to examine biodiversity conservation benefits from an international program to reduce carbon emissions from deforestation. Our results indicate limited geographic overlap between the least-cost areas for retaining forest carbon and protecting biodiversity. Therefore, carbon-focused policies will likely generate substantially lower benefits to biodiversity than a more biodiversity-focused policy could achieve. These results highlight the need to systematically consider co-benefits, such as biodiversity in the design and implementation of forest conservation programs to support international climate policy.
Juha Siikamäki; Stephen C Newbold
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ambio     Volume:  41 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0044-7447     ISO Abbreviation:  Ambio     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-14     Completed Date:  2012-04-16     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364220     Medline TA:  Ambio     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  78-89     Citation Subset:  IM    
Resources for the Future, Washington, DC 20036, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Air Pollution / economics,  prevention & control*
Conservation of Natural Resources* / economics
Environmental Policy*

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