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Potent low toxicity inhibition of human melanogenesis by novel indole-containing octapeptides.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22609875     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Abnormal production and accumulation of melanin is characteristic of a number of skin disorders, including postinflammatory hyperpigmentation and melasma. Our objective was to develop and validate novel oligopeptides with potent inhibitory activity against mushroom and human tyrosinase with minimal toxicity towards melanocytes, keratinocytes, and fibroblasts. METHODS: A library of short sequence oligopeptides was docked against the crystal structure of mushroom tyrosinase to screen for favorable binding free energies and direct interaction with the catalytic pocket. The inhibitory activity of the octapeptides and hydroquinone (HQ) was assessed using mushroom and human tyrosinase and melanin content via human primary melanocytes. Effects on cell viability and proliferation were determined using the MTT assay and cytotoxicity via trypan blue exclusion. RESULTS: Octapeptides P16-18 outperformed HQ, the benchmark of hypopigmenting agents, in all tested categories. Prolonged incubation of human keratinocytes, fibroblasts, or melanocytes with 30-3,000μM HQ led to 8- to 65-fold greater cell death than with octapeptides. At 6days of incubation with 30μM HQ, we observed 70±3% and 60±2% cell death in melanocytes and fibroblasts, respectively, versus minimal toxicity up to an octapeptide concentration of 3mM. CONCLUSION: Octapeptides P16-18 are potent competitive tyrosinase inhibitors with minimal toxicity towards the major cell types of human skin. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: The findings in our study suggest that all three novel octapeptides may serve as safe and efficacious replacements of HQ for the treatment of pigmentary disorders.
Authors:
Anan Abu Ubeid; Sylvia Do; Chris Nye; Basil M Hantash
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Elixir Institute of Regenerative Medicine, 5941 Optical Court, San Jose, CA 95138, USA.
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