Document Detail

Postural control of pre-term infants at 6 and 12 months corrected age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20591583     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Pre-term infants are at high risk for motor disabilities. Postural control, the basis for motor development, develops rapidly during the first year of life. An early start to extra-uterine life with an immature motor system may influence a pre-term infant's postural control.
AIMS: To identify important prognostic factors and determine the difference in postural control between full-term and pre-term infants.
METHOD: Medical records of 93 pre-term infants with birth weight of less than 1501g (mean birth weight=1136.03+/-243.86g; mean gestational age=29.14+/-2.78 weeks) were reviewed. Data was collected from the preemie clinical follow-up program at the National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan.
RESULTS: Results demonstrated that pre-term infants had poorer postural control than full-term infants both at 6 and 12 months adjusted age, and that medical complication as measured by the Neonatal Medical Index was the best predictor of postural control in pre-term infants in the first year of life. In addition, our findings confirmed that the development of postural control at 6 months adjusted age predicts the development of postural control at 12 months adjusted age after controlling for prognostic factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Both biological and social environmental factors appeared to be associated with pre-term infants' postural control at 6 and 12 months adjusted age. The development of postural control at 6 months adjusted age predicted the development of postural control at 12 months adjusted age. This suggested the value of early follow-up examinations at 6 months adjusted age.
Tien-Ni Wang; Tsu-Hsin Howe; Jim Hinojosa; Yung-Wen Hsu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-03     Completed Date:  2010-12-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  433-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Occupational Therapy, New York University, New York, 10012, United States.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child Development*
Follow-Up Studies
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / growth & development*
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight / growth & development*
Postural Balance*
Regression Analysis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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