Document Detail


Postural control of ballet dancers: a specific use of visual input for artistic purposes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10190767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dance is a specific expression of human motor behaviour. This artistic physical activity depends upon an effective technical training with important postural components and necessitates the codification of sensory inputs to build mental representations of the action to be produced. Proprioception and vision being two fundamental sensory modalities in classical ballet, this study attempted to determine the importance of the visual input for postural control during the practice of this activity. First, this work compared the performances of 18 professional ballet dancers and 46 non-dancers on a platform of forces during static posturographic tests in open or closed eyes situation. Then, we studied how professional dancers achieve balance in postures specific of classical ballet: on demi-pointe and on pointe. The results indicate that visual inputs are important in classical ballet since dancers only performed better than controls in eyes open conditions. The similar results obtained on pointe with eyes open or closed conversely suggest that training in classical ballet develops specific modalities of balance which are not transferable to posture control in daily life situations.
Authors:
F Hugel; M Cadopi; F Kohler; P Perrin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  1999 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-05     Completed Date:  1999-05-05     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  86-92     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques des Activités Physiques et Sportives, Université Henri Poincaré-Nancy 1, Villers-lés Nancy, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Dancing / physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Postural Balance
Posture*
Visual Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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