Document Detail


Postural adaptations to repeated optic flow stimulation in older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18329878     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study is to understand the processes of adaptation (changes in within-trial postural responses) and habituation (reductions in between-trial postural responses) to visual cues in older and young adults. Of particular interest were responses to sudden increases in optic flow magnitude. The postural sway of 25 healthy young adults and 24 healthy older adults was measured while subjects viewed anterior-posterior 0.4 Hz sinusoidal optic flow for 45 s. Three trials for each of three conditions were performed: (1) constant 12 cm optic flow amplitude (24 cm peak-to-peak), (2) constant 4 cm amplitude (8 cm p-t-p), and (3) a transition in amplitude from 4 to 12 cm. The average power of head sway velocity (P(vel)) was calculated for consecutive 5s intervals during the trial to examine the changes in sway within and between trials. A mixed factor repeated measures ANOVA was performed to examine the effects of subject Group, Trial, and Interval on the P(vel). P(vel) was greater in older adults in all conditions (p<0.001). During the 12 cm constant amplitude trials, within-trial adaptation occurred for all subjects, but there were differences in the between-trial habituation. P(vel) of the older adults decreased significantly between all 3 trials, but decreased only between Trials 1 and 2 in young adults. While the responses of the young adults to the transition in optic flow from 4 to 12 cm did not significantly change, older adults had an increase in P(vel) following the transition, ranging from 6.5 dB for the first trial to 3.4 dB for the third trial. These results show that older adults can habituate to repeated visual perturbation exposures; however, this habituation requires a greater number of exposures than young adults. This suggests aging impacts the ability to quickly modify the relative weighting of the sensory feedback for postural stabilization.
Authors:
Kathryn W O'Connor; Patrick J Loughlin; Mark S Redfern; Patrick J Sparto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-03-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gait & posture     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0966-6362     ISO Abbreviation:  Gait Posture     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-18     Completed Date:  2009-01-06     Revised Date:  2014-09-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9416830     Medline TA:  Gait Posture     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  385-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological
Adult
Cues
Female
Habituation, Psychophysiologic / physiology*
Humans
Male
Postural Balance / physiology*
Proprioception / physiology
Visual Perception / physiology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K25 AG001049/AG/NIA NIH HHS; K25 AG001049/AG/NIA NIH HHS; K25 AG001049-05/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P30 AG024827/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P30 AG024827/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P30 AG024827-05/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P30 DC005205/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P30 DC005205-06/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS
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