Document Detail

Posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol use, and perceived safety after the terrorist attack on the pentagon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14557524     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol use, and perceptions of safety in a sample of survivors of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the Pentagon. METHODS: Analyses were conducted to examine the effect of past traumatic experience, trauma exposure, initial emotional response, and peritraumatic dissociation on probable PTSD, substance use, and perceived safety among 77 survivors seven months after the attack. RESULTS: Eleven respondents (14 percent) had PTSD. Those with PTSD reported higher levels of initial emotional response and peritraumatic dissociation. Ten respondents (13 percent) reported increased use of alcohol. Women were more than five times as likely as men to have PTSD and almost seven times as likely to report increased use of alcohol. Persons with higher peritraumatic dissociation were more likely to develop PTSD and report increased alcohol use. Those with lower perceived safety at seven months had higher initial emotional response and greater peritraumatic dissociation and were more likely to have PTSD, to have increased alcohol use, and to be female. CONCLUSIONS: The association of perceived safety with gender, the presence of PTSD, and increased alcohol use among survivors of the terrorist attack on the Pentagon warrants further study.
Thomas A Grieger; Carol S Fullerton; Robert J Ursano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.)     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1075-2730     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatr Serv     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-14     Completed Date:  2004-04-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502838     Medline TA:  Psychiatr Serv     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1380-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
Dissociative Disorders / epidemiology,  psychology
District of Columbia
Federal Government*
Follow-Up Studies
Likelihood Functions
Middle Aged
Military Personnel / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology*,  psychology
Survival / psychology*
Terrorism / psychology*
United States
Comment In:
Psychiatr Serv. 2004 Mar;55(3):319-20; author reply 320   [PMID:  15001739 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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