Document Detail

Posttraumatic growth in former Vietnam prisoners of war.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19152285     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined posttraumatic growth in 30 male veterans captured and held as prisoners of war during the Vietnam War. Participants were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews administered by trained clinicians as well as with the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) and other questionnaires measuring dispositional optimism, religious coping, social supports, and purpose in life. Mean age (standard deviation-SD) of participants was 66.7 (6.0) years. Mean total PTGI score (SD) was 66.3 (17.5), indicating a moderate degree of posttraumatic growth. The most strongly endorsed items corresponded to the Appreciation of Life and Personal Strength factors. The group as a whole was optimistic and reported moderate use of positive religious coping. Posttraumatic growth did not significantly differ in repatriates with and without psychopathology, but it was significantly positively correlated with dispositional optimism. In the final regression model, length of captivity and optimism were significant predictors of posttraumatic growth. Our findings confirm that it is possible to achieve long-lasting personal growth even in the face of prolonged extreme adversity. Prospective studies are needed to further evaluate whether pre-existing traits such as optimism can predict growth after trauma.
Adriana Feder; Steven M Southwick; Raymond R Goetz; Yanping Wang; Angelique Alonso; Bruce W Smith; Katherine R Buchholz; Tracy Waldeck; Rezvan Ameli; Jeffrey Moore; Robert Hain; Dennis S Charney; Meena Vythilingam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry     Volume:  71     ISSN:  1943-281X     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-19     Completed Date:  2010-01-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376470     Medline TA:  Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Psychiatry Department, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City, NY 10023, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Prisoners / psychology*
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Psychological Tests
Regression Analysis
Social Adjustment
Social Support
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / rehabilitation*
Vietnam Conflict*

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