Document Detail


Posttranscriptional regulation of expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 by sphingosine 1-phosphate in HepG2 liver cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22819712     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Altered expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), a major physiologic inhibitor of fibrinolysis, is implicated in the progression of atherosclerosis. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) regulates expression of diverse genes and alters expression of PAI-1 in several types of cells. However, the nature of posttranscriptional regulation of expression of PAI-1 by S1P has not yet been thoroughly elucidated. The present study was undertaken to determine whether S1P has important effects on the posttranscriptional regulation of PAI-1 expression. To evaluate this possibility, we determined promoter activity, mRNA levels, 3'-untranslated region (UTR) activity, and protein levels of PAI-1 in HepG2 cells. S1P increased PAI-1 promoter activity and the expression of PAI-1 mRNA within 4 hours of exposure. It decreased the expression of PAI-1 mRNA and the accumulation of PAI-1 protein into the media in 24 hours. Human PAI-1 mRNA exists in two subspecies (3.2 and 2.2kb). S1P decreased the baseline luciferase activity of the 1kb fragment of the 3' terminus (+2177 to 3176 nt) of the 3'-UTR of the 3.2kb PAI-1 mRNA [3'-UTR (+2177-3176)]. S1P decreased expression of PAI-1 protein, presumably by regulating PAI-1 expression at the posttranscriptional level thereby affecting mRNA stability. SERPINE1 mRNA binding protein (SERBP1) and ARE3 in the 3'-UTR were involved in the posttranscriptional regulation by S1P. Our data suggest that S1P can destabilize 3.2kb PAI-1 mRNA through specific effects on the 3'-UTR. These effects appear to involve SERBP1 leading to decreased expression of PAI-1 protein.
Authors:
Soichiro Iwaki; Shuhei Yamamura; Moyoko Asai; Burton E Sobel; Satoshi Fujii
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Molecular and Cellular Pathobiology and Therapeutics, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, Japan.
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