Document Detail

Postsynaptic potentials recorded in neurons of the cat's lateral geniculate nucleus following electrical stimulation of the optic chiasm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3236056     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
1. We recorded intracellularly from X and Y cells of the cat's lateral geniculate nucleus and measured the postsynaptic potentials (PSPs) evoked from electrical stimulation of the optic chiasm. We used an in vivo preparation and computer averaged the PSPs to enhance their signal-to-noise ratio. 2. The vast majority (46 of 50) of our sample of X and Y cells responded to stimulation of the optic chiasm with an excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) followed by an inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP); these were tentatively identified as relay cells. We quantified several parameters of these PSPs, including amplitude, latency, time to peak (i.e., rise time), and duration. 3. Among the relay cells, the latencies of both the EPSP and action potential evoked by optic chiasm stimulation were shorter in Y cells than in X cells. Furthermore, the difference between the latencies of the EPSP and action potential was shorter for Y cells than for X cells. This means that the EPSPs generated in Y cells reached threshold for generation of action potentials faster than did those in X cells. The EPSPs of Y cells also displayed larger amplitudes and faster rise times than did those in X cells, but neither of these distinctions was sufficient to explain the shorter latency difference between the EPSP and action potential for Y cells. 4. The EPSPs recorded in relay Y cells had longer durations than did those in relay X cells. Our data suggest that the subsequent IPSP actively terminates the EPSP, which, in turn, suggests that the time interval between EPSP and IPSP onsets is longer in Y cells than in X cells. Furthermore, we found that, for individual Y cells, the latency and duration of the evoked EPSP were inversely related. These observations lead to the conclusion that the latency of IPSPs activated from the optic chiasm is relatively constant among Y cells and thus independent of the EPSP latencies. Thus the excitation and inhibition produced in individual geniculate Y cells may originate from different populations of retinogeniculate axons. 5. The IPSPs recorded in geniculate relay cells following optic chiasm stimulation could be divided into three groups based on their durations. The majority of both X and Y cells showed short-duration IPSPs, whereas the remainder of Y cells displayed medium-duration IPSPs, and the remaining X cells displayed long-duration IPSPs. A positive correlation was seen between the time to peak and duration of these IPSPs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
S A Bloomfield; S M Sherman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurophysiology     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0022-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurophysiol.     Publication Date:  1988 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-04-28     Completed Date:  1989-04-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375404     Medline TA:  J Neurophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1924-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, State University of New York, Stony Brook 11794-5230.
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MeSH Terms
Electric Stimulation
Evoked Potentials
Geniculate Bodies / physiology*
Neurons / physiology*
Optic Chiasm / physiology*
Photic Stimulation
Synapses / physiology
Time Factors
Grant Support

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