Document Detail

Poststroke urinary incontinence: one-year outcome and relationships with measures of attentiveness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17908059     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prognostic effect of poststroke urinary incontinence (UI) on 1-year outcome in relation to measurements of attention and mental processing speed. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Geriatric department (stroke and rehabilitation unit) in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred thirty-five previously continent patients (median age 78) with an acute stroke. MEASUREMENTS: Clinical stroke syndromes, subtypes of UI, pre- and poststroke cognitive function and activities of daily living, computerized assessment of attention and processing speed for 110 of the participants, mortality and accommodation at 1 year. RESULTS: One hundred seventy patients remained continent, and 65 developed UI (27 with urge UI, 38 with UI with impaired awareness of the need to void (IA-UI). Patients with urge UI had poorer power of attention and speed of memory than continent patients but similar continuity of attention (P<.001, .001, and .07, respectively). Patients with IA-UI performed poorer in all categories than continent and patients with urge UI (all P<.01). In regression analyses, IA-UI was the strongest predictor of mortality and nursing home residence after 1 year (odds ratio=15.7, 95% confidence interval=3.6-69.7). When deaths were excluded, IA-UI and continuity of attention remained independent risk factors. CONCLUSION: Patients with poststroke UI are less attentive than continent patients. Those with IA-UI perform poorest. Sustained attention seems important for outcome and should be taken more into account in the rehabilitation process. In patients who recognize their incontinence, attention-focused training might be the most effective measure of reestablishing bladder control.
Renate Pettersen; Brian K Saxby; Torgeir Bruun Wyller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0002-8614     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-02     Completed Date:  2007-11-08     Revised Date:  2008-03-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503062     Medline TA:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1571-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ullevaal University Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living / classification*
Aged, 80 and over
Geriatric Assessment
Rehabilitation Centers
Risk Factors
Stroke / complications*,  rehabilitation
Urinary Incontinence / etiology*

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