Document Detail


Postresistance exercise blood pressure reduction is influenced by exercise intensity in type-2 diabetic and nondiabetic individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20386125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study analyzed the postexercise blood pressure (BP) after resistance exercise (RE) on middle-aged type-2 diabetic (T2DM, n = 10, 46.6 +/- 13.1 years) and nondiabetic subjects (NDM, n = 10, 52.0 +/- 13.2 years). Participants performed (a) 1 repetition maximum (1RM) strength test; (b) 3 laps in an RE circuit of 6 exercises (16 repetitions at 43% 1RM); (c) 3 laps in an RE circuit (30 repetitions at 23% 1RM); and (d) a control session. The blood lactate concentration ([lac]) (YSI 2700S) and BP (Microlife BP3AC1-1) were measured pre-exercise, after exercise, and at each 15 minutes during the 120 minutes of recovery. Analysis of variance with Bonferroni as a post hoc evidenced that the 43% 1RM session elicited the highest [lac] response for both NDM (7.8 +/- 1.8 vs. 6.4 +/- 1.8 mmol x L(-1); p < 0.05) and T2DM (7.0 +/- 1.4 vs. 5.6 +/- 1.6 mmol x L(-1); p < 0.05). Also, the 43% 1RM session promoted a significant postexercise hypotension (PEH) of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP), whereas the 23% 1RM did not. The highest BP reductions for T2DM and NDM after 43% 1RM were, respectively, 9.5 +/- 11.1 and 11.0 +/- 7.1 mmHg for SBP and 6.4 +/- 7.8 and 7.7 +/- 7.9 mmHg for the MAP (p <or= 0.05). The PEH of SBP lasted longer (120 minutes) for NDM than for T2DM (90 minutes). The PEH may be associated with [lac] elevation, and the lower hypotensive effect presented by T2DM may be related to endothelial dysfunction usually observed in diabetic individuals. In conclusion, the RE of higher intensity, performed in approximately 25-minute duration, was more efficient at promoting PEH which, in turn, suggests its use on BP control for middle-aged T2DM and NDM subjects with characteristics similar to those of our participants.
Authors:
Graziela C Simões; Sérgio R Moreira; Michael R Kushnick; Herbert G Simões; Carmen S G Campbell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-04     Completed Date:  2010-08-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1277-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Graduate Program on Physical Education and Health, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil. hgsimoes@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blood Pressure
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications,  rehabilitation*
Humans
Hypertension / prevention & control*
Male
Middle Aged
Physical Exertion*
Resistance Training / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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