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Postprocedural combined treatment using the coagulation plus artery-selective clipping (2C) method for the prevention of delayed bleeding after ESD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23232998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The incidence of delayed bleeding after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric neoplasms is reported to be approximately 5 %. We examined whether postprocedural combined treatment using the coagulation plus artery-selective clipping (2C) method is a useful measure for preventing delayed bleeding after ESD. METHODS: A total of 234 gastric epithelial neoplasms were treated from June 2007 to May 2012. Post-ESD coagulation (PEC) and clipping for part of the vessels was performed for 154 lesions from June 2007 to June 2010. A total of 80 lesions were treated using the 2C method from July 2010 to May 2012. During ESD, the locations of the arteries were recorded on a schematic diagram of the lesion. Arteries were defined as regions of arterial bleeding that required coagulation or apparent arteries in which preventive coagulation was performed. When ESD was completed, soft coagulation was performed for arteries in the resection area using hemostatic forceps, followed by arterial clipping for additional strength. Coagulation also was performed continuously for visible vessels in the resection area. This was a retrospective study. The incidence rates of delayed bleeding after ESD, as evidenced by hematemesis or melena, or the presence of anemia (decline in Hb >2 g/dl) that required emergency endoscopy were recorded. RESULTS: Delayed bleeding occurred in 7 (4.5 %) of the 154 cases treated using PEC and in 1 (1.3 %) of the 80 cases treated using the 2C method. The mean time required for the 2C method was 15.0 ± 7.0 min (range, 5-44 min). The mean number of clippings per lesion was 3.8 ± 2.8 (range, 0-13). Almost all clips fell off within 2 months of the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Coagulation plus artery-selective clipping (the 2C method) of post-ESD ulcers might effectively reduce the incidence of delayed bleeding after ESD for gastric neoplasms.
Shinichi Mukai; Songde Cho; Shinya Nakamura; Yu Hatano; Takahiro Kotachi; Akinori Shimizu; Genta Matsuura; Takahiro Azakami; Atsuhisa Takaba; Toshihide Hamada; Ken Hirata; Toshio Nakanishi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical endoscopy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2218     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Endosc     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806653     Medline TA:  Surg Endosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Gastroenterology, Miyoshi Central Hospital, 531 Higashisakeya-chou, Miyoshi, Hiroshima, 728-8502, Japan,
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