Document Detail

Postprandial metabolism in resistance-trained versus sedentary males.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15064599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: This investigation examined if postprandial metabolism differed between resistance-trained [(RT), N = 12] and sedentary [(SED), N = 12] males. A secondary objective was to determine whether different resistance-training programs [bodybuilding (BB), N = 8 and power/weight-lifting (PL), N = 8] resulted in disparate effects on postprandial energy metabolism. METHODS: Moderate fat [(MF), 37% carbohydrate, 18% protein, and 45% fat] and high carbohydrate [(HC), 79% carbohydrate, 20% protein, and 1% fat] meals were randomly administered, and postprandial metabolism was measured for 240 min. Carbohydrate oxidation, fat oxidation, diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), and glucose and insulin areas under the curve (AUC) were calculated. RESULTS: Fat oxidization/lean body mass (LBM) was significantly greater in SED after the HC (RT, 0.27 +/- 0.02 g vs SED, 0.33 +/- 0.02 g, P = 0.017) and MF (RT, 0.34 +/- 0.02 g vs SED, 0.39 +/- 0.02 g, P = 0.036) meals. Carbohydrate oxidation/LBM was significantly greater in RT after the HC meal (RT, 0.87 +/- 0.03 g vs SED, 0.74 +/- 0.04 g, P = 0.017) only. DIT and DIT/LBM were significantly greater in RT compared with SED after the HC meal (DIT: RT, 351 +/- 21 kJ vs SED, 231 +/- 23 kJ, P = 0.001; DIT/LBM: RT, 5.25 +/- 0.028 kJ vs SED, 3.92 +/- 0.37 kJ, P = 0.009). The AUC for both glucose and insulin were significantly greater in SED compared with RT in response to the HC meal but not the MF meal. There were no differences in the BB and PL groups for any measured variables in response to either the HC or MF meals. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that postprandial metabolism is different between resistance-trained and sedentary males but that no such differences exist with different resistance training styles.
John P Thyfault; Scott R Richmond; Michael J Carper; Jeffrey A Potteiger; Matthew W Hulver
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-05     Completed Date:  2004-07-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  709-16     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Departments of Physiology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Glucose / analysis
Body Mass Index
Energy Metabolism*
Insulin / blood
Life Style*
Postprandial Period*
United States
Weight Lifting / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 11061-68-0/Insulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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