Document Detail


Postprandial intestinal and whole body nitrogen kinetics and distribution in piglets fed a single meal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15507535     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our aim was to characterize the postprandial total and dietary N fluxes in the portal drained viscera (PDV) and whole body after administration of a single meal in young pigs. Seven 4-wk-old piglets, implanted with a portal flow probe and portal, arterial and venous catheters, received a primed constant [(18)O]urea intravenous infusion and were studied for 8 h after a bolus mixed meal ingestion (46 mmol N/kg body wt) intrinsically labeled with (15)N to trace dietary N fluxes. The real cecal digestibility of the formula was 94.3% (SD 1.8). PDV output of dietary N was found principally in the pool of circulating protein (51% of the measured dietary N PDV output), in the free alpha-amino N pool (44%), and to a lesser extent in ammonia (5%). Dietary N release in alpha-amino N and ammonia mainly occurred during the first 3 h. Total and exogenous postprandial urea productions were 5.8 and 2.0 mmol N/kg body wt, respectively. At the end of the postprandial period, losses of dietary N amounted to 10.3% of the dose: 5.7% through ileal losses and 4.6% by deamination and transfer to urea. Net postprandial retention of dietary N was 90.4% (SD 1.3), of which 20% was found in splanchnic zone (small intestine 10%, liver 5%, and plasma protein 3%) and 42% in peripheral zone (muscle 31%, skin 6%). In conclusion, our results show a high efficiency of dietary N utilization for muscular uptake and anabolic utilization. However, the results obtained point out the necessity to further explore the form of dietary N released into the portal blood.
Authors:
Cécile Bos; Barbara Stoll; Hélène Fouillet; Claire Gaudichon; Xinfu Guan; Michael A Grusak; Peter J Reeds; Douglas G Burrin; Daniel Tomé
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2004-10-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  288     ISSN:  0193-1849     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-07     Completed Date:  2005-02-15     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901226     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E436-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon, UMR INRA-INAPG 914, Physiologie de la Nutrition et du Comportement Alimentaire, 16 rue Claude Bernard, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France. bos@inapg.inra.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological / physiology
Administration, Oral
Animals
Intestines / metabolism*
Kinetics
Metabolic Clearance Rate
Nitrogen / administration & dosage*,  metabolism*
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Organ Specificity
Postprandial Period / physiology*
Swine
Tissue Distribution
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD 33920/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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