Document Detail

Postpartum hemorrhage in the developed world: whither misoprostol?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22901709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
We reviewed the literature to determine the optimal medical treatment of postpartum hemorrhage caused by uterine atony. Of the available uterotonics, only misoprostol and oxytocin have undergone rigorous comparative study. Of the 2, misoprostol is inferior: 2 recent well-done randomized trials with enrollment of more than 2200 patients demonstrated that, in situations in which prophylactic oxytocin has already been utilized, additional oxytocin is as effective as or better than misoprostol in terminating bleeding, while avoiding the high rate of fever (22-58%) associated with misoprostol. The second of these trials demonstrated that misoprostol does not augment the effect of oxytocin. We conclude that in settings in which oxytocin is available, oxytocin should remain the mainstay of both prophylaxis and first-line treatment of postpartum hemorrhage caused by uterine atony. In the developed world, the use of misoprostol for postpartum hemorrhage should be infrequent.
Karen J Gibbins; Catherine M Albright; Dwight J Rouse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6868     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Brown University, Providence, RI 02905.
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