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Postoperative pain after foraminal enlargement in anterior teeth with necrosis and apical periodontitis: a prospective and randomized clinical trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23321226     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this randomized, controlled, prospective clinical study was to determine if foraminal enlargement instrumentation during endodontic treatment is associated with more postoperative pain compared with standard nonenlargement instrumentation.
METHODS: Forty volunteers with a single root canal were diagnosed with asymptomatic necrosis with apical periodontitis and randomized into 2 experimental groups (ie, the control group and the foraminal enlargement group). Endodontic treatment was performed in a single visit, and volunteers were instructed to record pain intensity (ie, none, slight, moderate, and severe). Scores from 1 to 4 were attributed to each kind of pain after 12, 24, and 48 hours. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Student's t tests were used to determine significant differences at P < .05.
RESULTS: No statistically significant age difference was found between the groups (P > .05, Student's t test). Postoperative pain showed no statistically significant difference between the groups at any observation period (P > .05). Also, no significant difference was observed in the mean number of analgesic tablets used between the groups (P > .05).
CONCLUSIONS: The foraminal enlargement and nonenlargement techniques resulted in the same postoperative pain and necessity for analgesic medication. This may suggest that the use of foraminal enlargement should be performed for endodontic treatment previsibility without increasing postoperative pain.
Authors:
Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva; Karyne Menaged; Natasha Ajuz; Maria Rachel Figueiredo Penalva Monteiro; Tauby de Souza Coutinho-Filho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of endodontics     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1878-3554     ISO Abbreviation:  J Endod     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7511484     Medline TA:  J Endod     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  173-6     Citation Subset:  D    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Endodontics, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Department of Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics Division, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: nogueiraemmanuel@hotmail.com.
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