Document Detail

Postoperative neurosurgical infections due to bacillus species.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6758158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The cases of 2 patients with postoperative ventriculitis due to Bacillus species bacteria are presented. Bacillus licheniformis was isolated from one patient following removal of an intraventricular meningioma, and Bacillus cereus from another patient following placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Both isolates were resistant to a variety of antibiotics, but both were sensitive to gentamicin and chloramphenicol. These cases emphasize several points; (a) Bacillus species, usually thought to be nonpathogenic, may produce intracranial infections; (2) species identification is important for epidemiological purposes and for the selection of appropriate chemotherapeutic agents; and (3) in cases of suspected ventriculitis, chloramphenicol or gentamicin should be considered for Gram's staining revealing gram-positive bacilli. In addition, we recommend that when planning antibiotic prophylactic regimens, consideration should be given to including one of these agents to assure coverage of Bacillus species.
R F Young; R N Yoshimori; D L Murray; P J Chou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical neurology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0090-3019     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Neurol     Publication Date:  1982 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-02-14     Completed Date:  1983-02-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367070     Medline TA:  Surg Neurol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  271-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Bacillus / pathogenicity
Bacterial Infections / microbiology*
Bacteriological Techniques
Brain Neoplasms / surgery*
Cerebral Ventricle Neoplasms / surgery
Cerebrospinal Fluid / microbiology
Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts
Drug Resistance, Microbial
Ependymoma / surgery
Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery
Meningioma / surgery
Surgical Wound Infection / microbiology*
Grant Support
A1 07014//PHS HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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