Document Detail

Postoperative luxury perfusion syndrome in patients with severe subarachnoid hemorrhage treated by early aneurysmal clipping.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1694268     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured in 90 patients who underwent early aneurysmal clipping after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Measurements were made by a noninvasive, two-dimensional method involving intravenous injection of 133Xe. Patients of Hunt and Hess grades I and II exhibited normal to slightly subnormal CBF, without significant changes, during the study period. Grades III-V patients had almost normal CBF in the early postoperative period, but their CBF gradually decreased, becoming significantly low after day 31. It is noteworthy that in grades IV and V patients, CBF was abnormally high in the acute stage, relative to their poor neurological condition; these patients were considered to have the "global luxury perfusion syndrome." The syndrome was not uncommon in patients with severe SAH. Possible causative or contributory factors are attempts to surgically reduce intracranial pressure, which leads to increased cerebral perfusion pressure, and concomitant global dysautoregulation. In patients with this syndrome, maneuvers intended to increase CBF should be avoided, as they may aggravate brain swelling or cause hemorrhagic events. Positron emission tomographic studies will provide more accurate and useful information concerning the management of SAH patients.
H Ohta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurologia medico-chirurgica     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0470-8105     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)     Publication Date:  1990 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-07-31     Completed Date:  1990-07-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400775     Medline TA:  Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo)     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  16-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgical Neurology, Research Institute for Brain and Blood Vessels-Akita.
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MeSH Terms
Cerebrovascular Circulation*
Middle Aged
Postoperative Period
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / physiopathology*,  surgery

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