Document Detail


Postoperative hip motion and functional recovery after simultaneous bilateral total hip arthroplasty for bilateral osteoarthritis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19337807     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) can offer a potential benefit of greater postoperative hip motion without the negative influence of contralateral hip disabilities, compared to two-stage THA. However, postoperative changes in hip motion after simultaneous bilateral THA have rarely been reported. The purpose of this study was to clarify the efficacy of simultaneous procedures on postoperative hip motion and functional recovery. METHODS: We retrospectively compared hip motion in 27 patients treated with simultaneous bilateral THA to those in 11 patients with two-stage bilateral THA, 35 patients with unilateral THA for unilateral disease, and 15 patients with unilateral THA for bilateral disease. We also evaluated the clinical manifestations according to the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) hip scores and compared the outcomes among the groups. All of the THA surgeries were primarily performed through a posterolateral approach using cement-less prostheses. The diagnosis at surgery was dysplastic osteoarthritis in all patients, and the patients were followed up for at least 4 years. RESULTS: The postoperative improvement of motion in hip flexion was significantly greater in patients treated with simultaneous procedures compared to patients with two-stage THA and unilateral THA for bilateral disease. The differences in improvement of motion in hip abduction were less marked than the improvement in hip flexion among the groups. Although there were no significant differences in pain scores among the groups, the values for activity of daily living were significantly greater in patients treated with simultaneous bilateral THA and patients with unilateral THA for unilateral disease than in patients with unilateral and two-stage bilateral THA for bilateral disease. CONCLUSIONS: The simultaneous procedure was considered to be more effective in patients with bilateral hip osteoarthritis and demonstrated a substantial improvement in hip motion and functional recovery after THA.
Authors:
Toshitaka Yoshii; Tetsuya Jinno; Sadao Morita; Daisuke Koga; Masaaki Matsubara; Atsushi Okawa; Kenichi Shinomiya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2009-04-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1436-2023     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orthop Sci     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-01     Completed Date:  2009-08-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9604934     Medline TA:  J Orthop Sci     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8519, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / methods*,  rehabilitation
Female
Hip / physiopathology,  surgery
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Osteoarthritis, Hip / physiopathology*,  surgery*
Prospective Studies
Range of Motion, Articular
Recovery of Function*
Retrospective Studies

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