Document Detail


Postoperative abnormalities of interventricular septal motion: two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiographic correlations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7102510     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our hypothesis was that the postoperative abnormalities in septal motion observed by M-mode echocardiography (MME) are due to changes of either ventricular shape or of total cardiac motion within the thorax. We obtained preoperative and early and late postoperative MME and two-dimensional echocardiograms on 25 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. No patient had coronary artery disease. All patients had normal preoperative septal motion; 11 patients retained normal (group N) septal motion on postoperative MME; 14 patients developed abnormal (group A) septal motion. Comparison of these two groups revealed that the group A patients had a greater degree of posterior epicardial motion toward the chest wall during systole. This indicates a greater anterior motion of the entire heart within the thorax, which produces the observed septal motion abnormality by carrying the septum forward passively as the whole heart moves anteriorly. This excessive forward cardiac motion may be due to fixation of the heart anteriorly by postoperative sternal-cardiac adhesions. No changes in left ventricular shape, size, or function were found to be associated with abnormal septal motion, nor was septal contraction impaired. Changes in intrathoracic cardiac motion are the probable cause of septal motion abnormalities after cardiac surgery.
Authors:
R E Kerber; R Litchfield
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1982 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-09-17     Completed Date:  1982-09-17     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  263-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aortic Valve / surgery
Cardiac Surgical Procedures*
Coronary Disease / etiology
Diastole
Echocardiography / methods*
Heart / physiopathology
Heart Septum / physiopathology*
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
Humans
Mitral Valve / surgery
Movement
Postoperative Complications
Sternum / pathology
Systole
Tissue Adhesions / etiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-014388/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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