Document Detail

Postoperative Cerebral White Matter Damage Associated with Cerebral Hyperperfusion and Cognitive Impairment after Carotid Endarterectomy: A Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23154793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Cerebral hyperperfusion after carotid endarterectomy (CEA), even when asymptomatic, often impairs cognitive function. However, conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging rarely demonstrates structural brain damage associated with postoperative cognitive impairment. MR diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is potentially more sensitive for detection of white matter damage. Among the common parameters derived by DTI, fractional anisotropy (FA) is a marker of tract integrity, and mechanical disruption of axonal cylinders and loss of continuity of myelin sheaths may be responsible for reduced FA in white matter. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether postoperative cerebral white matter damage that can be detected by FA derived by DTI is associated with cerebral hyperperfusion after CEA and correlates with postoperative cognitive impairment. Methods: In 70 patients undergoing CEA for ipsilateral internal carotid artery stenosis (≥70%), cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) before and immediately after CEA and on postoperative day 3. FA values in cerebral white matter were assessed using DTI before and 1 month after surgery. These values were normalized and analyzed using statistical parametric mapping 5. In each corresponding voxel in the pre- and postoperative normalized FA maps of each patient, a postoperative FA value minus a preoperative FA value was calculated, and a voxel with postoperatively reduced FA was defined based on data obtained from healthy volunteers. The number of voxels with postoperatively reduced FA was calculated and defined as the volume with postoperatively reduced FA. Neuropsychological testing, consisting of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Revised, the Wechsler Memory Scale and the Rey-Osterreith Complex Figure test, was also performed preoperatively and after the first postoperative month. Postoperative cognitive impairment on neuropsychological testing in each patient was defined based on data obtained from patients with asymptomatic unruptured cerebral aneurysms. Results: Post-CEA hyperperfusion on brain perfusion SPECT (CBF increase ≥100% compared with preoperative values) and postoperative cognitive impairment on neuropsychological testing were observed in 11 (16%) and 9 patients (13%), respectively. The volume with postoperatively reduced FA in cerebral white matter ipsilateral to surgery was significantly greater in patients with post-CEA hyperperfusion than in those without (p < 0.0001). This volume in cerebral white matter ipsilateral to surgery was also significantly associated with postoperative cognitive impairment (95% confidence interval, 1.559-8.853; p = 0.0085). Conclusions: Cerebral hyperperfusion after CEA results in postoperative cerebral white matter damage that correlates with postoperative cognitive impairment.
Takamasa Nanba; Kuniaki Ogasawara; Hideaki Nishimoto; Shunrou Fujiwara; Hiroki Kuroda; Makoto Sasaki; Kohsuke Kudo; Taro Suzuki; Masakazu Kobayashi; Kenji Yoshida; Akira Ogawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland)     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1421-9786     ISO Abbreviation:  Cerebrovasc. Dis.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100851     Medline TA:  Cerebrovasc Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  358-367     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Advanced Research Center, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan.
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