Document Detail

Postnatal depression and infant growth and development in low income countries: a cohort study from Goa, India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12495957     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Postnatal depression is a recognised cause of delayed cognitive development in infants in developed countries. Being underweight is common in South Asia. AIMS: To determine whether postnatal depression contributes to poor growth and development outcomes in Goa, India. METHODS: Cohort study for growth outcomes with nested case-control study for developmental outcomes. A total of 171 babies were weighed and measured at 6-8 weeks following birth. The following measures were used: Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale for maternal mood, and sociodemographic and infant health variables. Outcome measures were: weight (<5th centile), length (<5th centile), and Developmental Assessment Scale for Indian Infants scores at six months. RESULTS: Postnatal depression was a strong, and independent, predictor of low weight and length and was significantly associated with adverse mental development quotient scores. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence for the first time that postnatal depression, a potentially treatable disorder, is a cause of poor growth and development in South Asia.
V Patel; N DeSouza; M Rodrigues
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood     Volume:  88     ISSN:  1468-2044     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-23     Completed Date:  2003-01-28     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372434     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  34-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Cohort Studies
Depression, Postpartum*
Developing Countries*
Developmental Disabilities / etiology*
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn

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