Document Detail

Postexercise protein supplementation improves health and muscle soreness during basic military training in Marine recruits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14657039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Elevated postexercise amino acid availability has been demonstrated to enhance muscle protein synthesis acutely, but the long-term impact of postexercise protein supplementation on variables such as health, muscle soreness, and function are unclear. Healthy male US Marine recruits from six platoons (US Marine Corps Base, Parris Island, SC; n = 387; 18.9 +/- 0.1 yr, 74.7 +/- 1.1 kg, 13.8 +/- 0.4% body fat) were randomly assigned to three treatments within each platoon. Nutrients supplemented immediately postexercise during the 54-day basic training were either placebo (0 g carbohydrate, 0 g protein, 0 g fat), control (8, 0, 3), or protein supplement (8, 10, 3). Subjects and observers making measurements and data analysis were blinded to subject groupings. Compared with placebo and control groups, the protein-supplemented group had an average of 33% fewer total medical visits, 28% fewer visits due to bacterial/viral infections, 37% fewer visits due to muscle/joint problems, and 83% fewer visits due to heat exhaustion. Recruits experiencing heat exhaustion had greater body mass, lean, fat, and water losses. Muscle soreness immediately postexercise was reduced by protein supplementation vs. placebo and control groups on both days 34 and 54. Postexercise protein supplementation may not only enhance muscle protein deposition but it also has significant potential to positively impact health, muscle soreness, and tissue hydration during prolonged intense exercise training, suggesting a potential therapeutic approach for the prevention of health problems in severely stressed exercising populations.
Paul J Flakoll; Tom Judy; Kim Flinn; Christopher Carr; Scott Flinn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2003-12-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  96     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-09     Completed Date:  2004-10-05     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  951-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Designing Food to Improve Nutrition, Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Body Composition / drug effects,  physiology
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage*
Dietary Supplements
Double-Blind Method
Exercise / physiology*
Heat Exhaustion / drug therapy,  physiopathology
Military Medicine*
Muscle Fatigue / drug effects*,  physiology
South Carolina
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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