Document Detail


Posterior lymph heart function in two species of anurans: analysis based on both in vivo pressure-volume relationships by conductance manometry and ultrasound.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20952620     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rhinella marina and Lithobates catesbeianus have known differences in the capacity to mobilize lymph to stabilize blood volume following dehydration and hemorrhage. The purpose of these experiments was to assess whether there are interspecific differences in basic lymph heart functions. The end diastolic volumes of posterior lymph hearts averaged 10.8 μl kg⁻¹ in R. marina and 7.9-10.8 μl kg⁻¹ in L. catesbeianus by conductance manometry, and 9-32 μl kg⁻¹ in R. marina by ultrasound techniques, which correlated with body mass. Stroke volumes were approximately 20% of end diastolic volumes in both species. Peak systolic pressures and stroke work were correlated with the index of contractility (dP/dt(max)) in both species. Stroke volume was correlated to stroke work but not peak systolic pressure, end diastolic volume or end diastolic pressure indicating the preload variables do not seem to determine stroke volume as would be predicted from Starling considerations of the blood heart. Renal portal elastance (end systolic pressure/stroke volume) an afterload index did not differ interspecifically, and was equivalent to values for systemic flow indices from mice of equivalent ventricular volume. These data, taken together with predictions derived from mammalian models on the effect of high resistance indicate afterload (renal portal pressure), may be important determinants of posterior lymph heart stroke volume. The shape of the pressure-volume loop is different from an idealized version previously reported, and is influenced by end diastolic volume. Our data indicate that increasing end diastolic pressure and volume can influence the loop shape but not the stroke volume. This indicates that lymph hearts do not behave in a Starling Law manner with increased preload volume.
Authors:
Dane A Crossley; Stanley S Hillman
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  213     ISSN:  1477-9145     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-18     Completed Date:  2011-01-27     Revised Date:  2013-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3710-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97207-0751, USA. dane.crossley@und.nodak.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Anura / physiology*
Calibration
Echocardiography / methods*
Electric Conductivity
Heart / physiology*
Lymph / physiology*
Manometry / methods*
Myocardial Contraction
Pressure*
Species Specificity
Stroke Volume / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
2P01HD34430/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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