Document Detail


Post-natal exposure to corticosterone affects standard metabolic rate in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18854187     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Post-natal stress has been shown to have important short and long term effects on many adult traits in birds. During stress, metabolic alterations often result in the mobilization of energy away from energy-sensitive functions such as growth, which could have significant implications for developing animals. However, little is known about the implications of stress hormones for energy consumption in growing individuals. We experimentally increased corticosterone (CORT) levels in nestling zebra finches via oral administration, between the ages of 7 and 18 days. The standard metabolic rate (SMR) of birds was measured twice overnight when birds were between 11-13 and 55-65 days of age. Developmental CORT administration significantly elevated overnight variability in SMR (sd) in nestling birds (during the treatment period), but not at 55-65 days (5-6 weeks after the treatment period). The effect on variability was seen more prominently in birds from larger brood sizes and in females. We found no effects of our treatments on mean SMR overnight. However, brood size and sex had interactive effects, with males from larger brood sizes having higher SMR at 55-65 days of age. These results suggest that stress hormones can have significant effects on energy metabolism and possibly nocturnal arousal and sleep fragmentation. However, there were no detectable long term effects of our treatments on SMR, suggesting that these effects are only short-lived, in order to maintain homeostasis in the short term.
Authors:
K A Spencer; S Verhulst
Related Documents :
11441847 - Use of expander cottonseed meal in broiler diets formulated on a digestible amino acid ...
16422767 - Effects of feeding deoxynivalenol contaminated wheat on growth performance, organ weigh...
20680877 - Effects of structure and xylanase treatment of brewers' spent grain on performance and ...
1493557 - Effect of dietary protein content on episodic growth hormone secretion and on heat prod...
8968867 - Alterations in intestinal motility and microflora in experimental acute pancreatitis.
24854827 - Associations among eating regulation and body mass index, weight, and body fat in colle...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-09-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  General and comparative endocrinology     Volume:  159     ISSN:  1095-6840     ISO Abbreviation:  Gen. Comp. Endocrinol.     Publication Date:    2008 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-17     Completed Date:  2009-01-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370735     Medline TA:  Gen Comp Endocrinol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  250-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, Graham Kerr Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK. k.spencer@bio.gla.ac.uk
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animals
Corticosterone / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Diet
Energy Metabolism / drug effects*,  physiology
Female
Finches / metabolism*
Male
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-22-6/Corticosterone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  CD44 deficiency attenuates chronic murine ileitis.
Next Document:  Identification of a novel spore wall protein (SWP26) from microsporidia Nosema bombycis.