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Post-Mortem Review and Genetic Analysis of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) Cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20875080     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the most frequent epilepsy-related cause of death and is characterized by an absence of any identifiable cause of death at post-mortem, suggesting an underlying arrhythmogenic predisposition. This study sought to identify SUDEP cases in a review of post-mortem records and to undertake genetic studies in key familial long QT syndrome (LQTS) genes. All autopsies performed from 1993-2009 at a forensic centre in Sydney, Australia were reviewed and SUDEP cases identified. DNA was extracted from post-mortem blood and the three most common LQTS genes, ie, KCNQ1, KCNH2 (HERG) and SCN5A, were amplified and analyzed. Sixty-eight SUDEP cases were identified (mean age of 40 ± 16 years). Genetic analysis revealed 6 (13%) non-synonymous (amino acid changing) variants in KCNH2 (n = 2) and SCN5A (n = 4), all previously reported in LQTS patients. Specifically, KCNH2 Arg176Trp and SCN5A Pro1090Leu were identified once in SUDEP cases and absent in control alleles. Both DNA variants have been previously identified in the pathogenesis of LQTS. The cause of SUDEP is currently unknown. Our results indicate that investigation of key ion channel genes should be pursued in the investigation of the relationship between epilepsy and sudden death.
Authors:
Emily Tu; Richard D Bagnall; Johan Duflou; Christopher Semsarian
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain pathology (Zurich, Switzerland)     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1750-3639     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Pathol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9216781     Medline TA:  Brain Pathol     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  201-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors; Brain Pathology © 2010 International Society of Neuropathology.
Affiliation:
Agnes Ginges Centre for Molecular Cardiology, Centenary Institute. Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney. Department of Forensic Medicine, Glebe. Department of Cardiology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.
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