Document Detail


Possible aspects of normal unphysiological commercial conditions on the estrus and early pregnancy in pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  432877     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Gilts and sows kept under unphysiological commercial conditions may show delayed puberty, delayed estrus postweaning and delayed returns after insemination. It is postulated that in all three manifestations gonadotropic insufficiency is the causative factor, produced by inadequate exteroceptive stimulation, mainly of olfactory origin, or by a configuration of stimuli which is experienced as in-appropriate by the individual organism. Pituitary L.H. is necessary to induce teritary follicles to secrete estrogens, which play a prominent part in estrus expression and in turn evoke the pre-ovulatory L.H. peak flow. Pituitary L.H. also appears to be necessary for persistence of of the corpora lutea during early pregnancy and this L.H. release may also be inhibited under inadequate physiological conditions. Therefore anaphrodisia in big commercial piggeries can be a normal physiologic reaction of the animal and more or less an adaptation to these unfavourable circumstances. For the greater part delayed puberty and delayed estrus postweaning seem to be coupled with anestrus and can easily be overcome by gonadotropin treatment in this case. Resulting fertility can be normal, even under severe stressful conditions. The delayed returns after insemination are partly caused by embryonal mortality. This mortality is at least for a part caused by gonadotropin insufficiency which in future may be prevented by application of a proper treatment as well.
Authors:
J M Goossens; T P van den Berg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tijdschrift voor diergeneeskunde     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0040-7453     ISO Abbreviation:  Tijdschr Diergeneeskd     Publication Date:  1979 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-06-26     Completed Date:  1979-06-26     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0031550     Medline TA:  Tijdschr Diergeneeskd     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  suppl 109-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Husbandry / standards
Animals
Behavior, Animal
Crowding
Estrus*
Female
Follicle Stimulating Hormone / physiology
Housing, Animal
Luteinizing Hormone / physiology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy, Animal*
Sexual Maturation*
Social Behavior
Swine / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9002-67-9/Luteinizing Hormone; 9002-68-0/Follicle Stimulating Hormone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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