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A Possible Role of Galectin-9 in the Pulmonary Fibrosis of Patients with Interstitial Pneumonia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23321864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Galectin-9 (Gal-9) is a β-galactoside-binding protein that induces biological reactions, such as cell activation, chemoattraction, and apoptosis. We evaluated the role of Gal-9 in the pathogenesis of interstitial pneumonia (IP). METHODS: Gal-9 levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with IP associated with collagen vascular disease (CVD-IP) and with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs), including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (idiopathic NSIP), were estimated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Gal-9 expression in the lungs of these patients was evaluated using immunohistochemistry. The effect of Gal-9 on the growth and apoptosis of human lung fibroblast cells was assessed in vitro. RESULTS: Gal-9 levels in the BALF were significantly higher in patients with CVD-IP than in patients with IIPs. Gal-9 levels significantly correlated with both the total cell count and the absolute number of lymphocytes in the BALF of patients with IIPs and CVD-IP. Strong reactivity with anti-Gal-9 antibody was observed in the cytoplasm of alveolar macrophages, lymphocytes, and type II pneumocytes in the lungs of patients with IP. Gal-9 expression in those cells was more remarkable in patients with CVD-IP than in patients with IPF and idiopathic NSIP. Gal-9 suppressed the growth of human lung fibroblast cells in a dose- dependent manner. Gal-9 induced apoptosis of human lung fibroblast cells in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the expression level of Gal-9 in the lung is increased in patients with CVD-IP and that Gal-9 may have a protective role against pulmonary fibrosis of these patients.
Nobuhiro Matsumoto; Shigeki Katoh; Shigehisa Yanagi; Yasuji Arimura; Masatoshi Tokojima; Masaki Ueno; Mitsuomi Hirashima; Masamitsu Nakazato
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lung     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1750     ISO Abbreviation:  Lung     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701875     Medline TA:  Lung     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Neurology, Respirology, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake, Miyazaki, 889-1692, Japan,
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