Document Detail

Positive states of mind and athletic injury risk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8265749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Horowitz, Adler, and Kegeles recently developed the Positive States of Mind (PSOM) scale to assess the ability to achieve desirable states of mind. According to a stress and injury model, a theoretical foundation exists for the PSOM being used to predict vulnerability to athletic injuries. In the first study, 277 collegiate athletes from 10 sports completed the PSOM. The scale showed good internal consistency; Cronbach's alpha was .77 for the six items. Principle components factor analysis revealed two distinct factors. No sex or ethnic differences occurred for the total PSOM scale or the two factors. In the second study, injury data were gathered throughout the season on 82 athletes who completed the PSOM. Pearson-product correlations revealed the factor, Focused on Task, significantly correlated with injury. Athletes able to attain higher positive states of mind were less at risk for injury. The studies indicate the acceptability of using the PSOM with an athletic population and its usefulness as a potential predictor of injury risk. Future research using the PSOM scale in more general injury and accident investigations is suggested.
J M Williams; T D Hogan; M B Andersen
Related Documents :
22955089 - Activities of daily living, chronic medical conditions, and health-related quality of l...
15648799 - Microbiology of the urethra and perineum and its relationship to bacteriuria in communi...
10127859 - Air medical transport of patients from offshore oil and gas facilities. historical acci...
22436049 - Financing graduate medical education - mounting pressure for reform.
12216379 - Special olympics, special athletes, special needs?
16773969 - Homicidal deaths by firearms in peshawar: an autopsy study.
8875659 - A ten-year review of the effect of obra-87 on psychotropic prescribing practices in an ...
22318929 - Assessment of prescribers' knowledge of the cost of medications.
7411559 - Medical school education in mental retardation.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0033-3174     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:    1993 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-01-26     Completed Date:  1994-01-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  468-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Affect / physiology*
Athletic Injuries / psychology*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Mental Processes / physiology
Psychological Tests

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Endocrine correlates of sadness and elation.
Next Document:  Toward improving the oral health of Americans: an overview of oral health status, resources, and car...