Document Detail

Positive end-expiratory pressure prevents lung mechanical stress caused by recruitment/derecruitment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15377644     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study tests the hypotheses that a recruitment maneuver per se yields and/or intensifies lung mechanical stress. Recruitment maneuver was applied to a model of paraquat-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and to healthy rats with (ATEL) or without (CTRL) previous atelectasis. Recruitment was done by using 40-cmH(2)O continuous positive airway pressure for 40 s. Rats were, then, ventilated for 1 h at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) or positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP; 5 cmH(2)O). Atelectasis was generated by inflating a sphygmomanometer around the thorax. Additional groups did not undergo recruitment but were ventilated for 1 h under ZEEP. Lung resistive and viscoelastic pressures and static elastance were computed before and immediately after recruitment, and at the end of 1 h of ventilation. Lungs were prepared for histology. Type III procollagen (PCIII) mRNA expression in lung tissue was analyzed by RT-PCR. Lung mechanics improved after recruitment in the CTRL and ALI groups. One hour of ventilation at ZEEP increased alveolar collapse, static elastance, and lung resistive and viscoelastic pressures. Alveolar collapse was similar in ATEL and ALI, and recruitment opened the alveoli in both groups. ALI showed higher PCIII expression than ATEL or CTRL groups. One hour of ventilation at ZEEP did not increase PCIII expression but augmented it significantly in the three groups when applied after recruitment. However, PEEP ventilation after recruitment avoided any increment in PCIII expression in all groups. In conclusion, recruitment followed by ZEEP was more deleterious in ALI than in mechanical ATEL, although ZEEP alone did not elevate PCIII expression. Ventilation with 5-cmH(2)O PEEP prevented derecruitment and aborted the increase in PCIII expression.
Luciana L Farias; Débora S Faffe; Débora G Xisto; Maria Cristina E Santana; Roberta Lassance; Luiz Felipe M Prota; Marcelo B Amato; Marcelo M Morales; Walter A Zin; Patricia R M Rocco
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-09-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  98     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-13     Completed Date:  2005-05-11     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Respiration Physiology, Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho-CCS, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Ilha do Fundão, 21949-900 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological
Lung / pathology,  physiopathology*
Lung Compliance
Lung Volume Measurements
Positive-Pressure Respiration / methods*
Pulmonary Atelectasis / pathology,  physiopathology*,  prevention & control*
Rats, Wistar
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / pathology,  physiopathology*,  prevention & control*
Respiratory Mechanics*
Stress, Mechanical
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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