Document Detail


Position modifies carotid artery blood flow velocity during straining.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2320759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Valsalva maneuver (VM) produces rapid shifts in cerebrovascular blood flow and is often implicated in aneurysm rupture and rebleeding. To determine whether intensity of hemodynamic shifts is affected by position, we examined effects of five body positions (chair, 70 degrees and 30 degrees upright, flat, side) on carotid artery blood flow velocity (CABFV) across the VM in 141 healthy adults (30-55 yrs.). Subjects strained at 40 mmHg pressure for 10 seconds. CABFV was measured continuously by ultrasonic Doppler technique. During straining, position significantly (F = 13.7; p less than .0001) affected CABFV. Less reduction occurred in the chair (p less than .05) position than in any of the others. The 70 degrees position produced less fall in CABFV (p less than .05) than did the 30 degrees, flat and side positions. Less increase in CABFV across the VM was recorded in the chair position (p less than .05) than in any of the others. It is concluded that the chair position can be used therapeutically to reduce severe shifts of CABFV associated with straining.
Authors:
B Therrien
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in nursing & health     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0160-6891     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Nurs Health     Publication Date:  1990 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-05-03     Completed Date:  1990-05-03     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806136     Medline TA:  Res Nurs Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  69-76     Citation Subset:  IM; N; S    
Affiliation:
School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bed Rest
Blood Flow Velocity*
Carotid Arteries / physiology*
Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology
Female
Hemodynamics
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Posture*
Ultrasonics
Valsalva Maneuver / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5 R01 NR001142-05/NR/NINR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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