Document Detail

Portrayals of food practices and exercise behavior in popular American films.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15745653     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To describe depictions of food, alcohol, and exercise and sport in popular films.
DESIGN: Content analysis of the 10 top-grossing films each year from 1991 to 2000 (N = 100 films).
ANALYSIS: Coding reliabilities were assessed with Cohen's kappa. Research questions were addressed with basic descriptive statistics. Associations among variables were examined through a cross-tabulation procedure that corrects for the clustering of exercise and food depictions within movies.
RESULTS: Food and drink appeared regularly in the films analyzed, typically as a background element or prop. On average, food appeared on the screen once every 4.2 minutes. The foods shown were most likely to be fats, oils, and sweets; fruits, vegetables, and dairy products were rarely seen. More than 20% of the food items shown were alcoholic beverages, which were nearly 2 times more likely to be ingested as nonalcohol food items. Planned exercise and sports appeared at a rate of about 2 incidents per hour. These activities rarely received explicit evaluation by characters.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATION: Films frequently portray foods and exercise. These depictions have the potential to cultivate beliefs about normative eating and exercise behavior, suggesting a need for public health professionals to encourage the media to offer healthier images.
Robert A Bell; Charles R Berger; Diana Cassady; Marilyn S Townsend
Related Documents :
12027363 - Ratings of pleasantness and intensity for beverages served in containers congruent and ...
15885773 - Galanin and alcohol dependence: neurobehavioral research.
12878383 - Development of a method to quantify in vitro the synergistic activity of "natural" anti...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1499-4046     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2005 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-04     Completed Date:  2005-04-05     Revised Date:  2012-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Communication, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking
Exercise* / psychology
Food Habits* / psychology
Health Promotion
Mass Media
Motion Pictures as Topic / statistics & numerical data*,  trends

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Overview of computerized dietary assessment programs for research and practice in nutrition educatio...
Next Document:  Barriers to and motivators for healthful eating as perceived by rural and urban Costa Rican adolesce...