Document Detail

Portion sizes and obesity: responses of fast-food companies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17585324     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Because the sizes of food portions, especially of fast food, have increased in parallel with rising rates of overweight, health authorities have called on fast-food chains to decrease the sizes of menu items. From 2002 to 2006, we examined responses of fast-food chains to such calls by determining the current sizes of sodas, French fries, and hamburgers at three leading chains and comparing them to sizes observed in 1998 and 2002. Although McDonald's recently phased out its largest offerings, current items are similar to 1998 sizes and greatly exceed those offered when the company opened in 1955. Burger King and Wendy's have increased portion sizes, even while health authorities are calling for portion size reductions. Fast-food portions in the United States are larger than in Europe. These observations suggest that voluntary efforts by fast-food companies to reduce portion sizes are unlikely to be effective, and that policy approaches are needed to reduce energy intake from fast food.
Lisa R Young; Marion Nestle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of public health policy     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0197-5897     ISO Abbreviation:  J Public Health Policy     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-22     Completed Date:  2007-09-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006508     Medline TA:  J Public Health Policy     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  238-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
New York University, Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health, New York, NY 10012, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight
Carbonated Beverages
Energy Intake*
Feeding Behavior*
Food Supply / statistics & numerical data
Marketing / trends
Menu Planning / trends
Nutritional Status*
Obesity / etiology*
Pilot Projects
Restaurants / standards,  statistics & numerical data*
Risk Factors
Solanum tuberosum
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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