Document Detail

Portion size and obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25398749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Portion size is a key environmental driver of energy intake, and larger-than-appropriate portion sizes could increase the risk of weight gain. Multiple acute, well-controlled laboratory studies, supported by data from free-living settings, demonstrated that portion size has a powerful and proportionate effect on the amount of food consumed. Of particular importance is that bouts of overeating associated with large portions are sustained and not followed by a compensatory reduction in energy intake. The positive effect of portion size on energy intake was demonstrated for different types of foods and beverages, and is particularly pronounced with energy-dense foods. The predisposition to overeat in response to large portions is pervasive and occurs regardless of demographic characteristics, such as socioeconomic status, age, body mass index, and sex. Secular trends toward greater availability of large portions, coupled with value-size pricing, effectively distorted consumption norms and perceptions of what is an appropriate amount to eat. Nevertheless, although a direct causal link between portion size and obesity remains to be established, advice to moderate portion sizes, especially of energy-dense foods, is presently the cornerstone of most weight management advice. Although many strategies have been proposed to counteract the deleterious effects of portion size, there are few data indicating which are likely to be acceptable in the medium- to long term. Further research is urgently needed to establish what types of interventions targeted at portion size are likely to be effective, in what settings, and among which target groups.
M Barbara E Livingstone; L Kirsty Pourshahidi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in nutrition (Bethesda, Md.)     Volume:  5     ISSN:  2156-5376     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv Nutr     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101540874     Medline TA:  Adv Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  829-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 American Society for Nutrition.
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