Document Detail

Portal hypertension: contraindication to liver surgery?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16736327     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: In recent decades liver resection has become a safe procedure, mainly because of better patient selection. Despite this progress, however, outcomes of hepatectomy in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension are still uncertain. The aim of this study was to elucidate early and long-term outcomes of liver resection in these patients. METHODS: Between 1985 and 2003, a total of 245 cirrhotic patients underwent hepatectomy for HCC. Altogether, 217 patients were eligible for this analysis and were divided into two groups according to the presence of portal hypertension at the time of surgery: 99 patients with portal hypertension and 118 without it. RESULTS: Patients with portal hypertension had worse preoperative liver function (Child-Pugh A class patients: 66.7% vs. 94.9%; P<0.0001). No differences were encountered in terms of intraoperative and pathology data. Operative mortality was similar (11.1% vs. 5.1%; P=0.100), but patients with portal hypertension had higher morbidity (43.4% vs. 30.5%; P=0.049) and received a higher rate of blood and plasma transfusions (51.5% vs. 32.2%, P=0.004; 77.8% vs. 57.6%, P=0.0017). Considering only Child-Pugh A patients, short-term results were similar in the two groups in terms of mortality, morbidity, and transfusion rates. The 5-year survival rate was significantly higher in patients without portal hypertension (39.8% vs. 28.9%; P=0.020), although when considering only Child-Pugh A patients no difference of survival was encountered. Multivariate analysis identified Child-Pugh classification, tumor diameter, and vascular invasion as independent predicting factors for survival. CONCLUSIONS: Portal hypertension should not be considered an absolute contraindication to hepatectomy in cirrhotic patients. Child-Pugh A patients with portal hypertension have short- and long-term results similar to patients with normal portal pressure.
Lorenzo Capussotti; Alessandro Ferrero; Luca Viganò; Andrea Muratore; Roberto Polastri; Hedayat Bouzari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of surgery     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0364-2313     ISO Abbreviation:  World J Surg     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-31     Completed Date:  2006-12-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704052     Medline TA:  World J Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  992-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Unit of Surgical Oncology, Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment, Strada Provinciale 142 km 3.95, 10060 Candiolo, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / complications,  surgery*
Esophageal and Gastric Varices / complications
Hepatectomy / adverse effects,  contraindications*,  mortality
Hypertension, Portal / complications*
Liver Cirrhosis / complications
Liver Neoplasms / complications,  surgery*
Middle Aged
Survival Rate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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