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Porcine androgenetic embryos develop to fetal stage in recipient mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22460153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In livestock, parthenogenic embryos are simple to produce, but androgenetic embryos have been successfully produced only in sheep and cows. In the present study, matured porcine oocytes were enucleated by micromanipulation and then fertilized with sperm in vitro, thereby producing porcine androgenetic embryos. Porcine androgenetic embryos, which had only sperm genomes, were assessed for cleavage and for blastocyst formation 2 and 6 d after IVF, respectively. There was no difference in cleavage rate between androgenetic embryos and biparental IVF embryos (mean ± SD androgenetic: 65.5 ± 5.4%; biparental IVF: 63.2 ± 3.6%), but there was a difference in the rate of blastocyst formation (androgenetic: 4.5 ± 0.7%; biparental IVF: 30.2 ± 2.6%, P < 0.05). The average number of cells in Day 6 androgenetic blastocysts (34.3 ± 18.2) was lower (P < 0.05) than that in biparental IVF blastocysts (44.1 ± 19.5), but did not differ from that in parthenogenetic embryos (35.7 ± 16.7). The androgenetic embryos were transferred into recipient mothers to examine the competence of post-implantation development. Androgenetic fetuses were present on Days 21 and 25, but not on Days 28, 31, or 35. Of the six androgenetic fetuses recovered on Day 21, five had normal, translucent bodies, and two of these five had beating hearts. The four fetuses recovered on Day 25 were all non-viable. In conclusion, porcine androgenetic embryos initiated embryogenesis and had reached a viable fetal stage 21 days after IVF.
Authors:
S Sembon; M Iwamoto; M Hashimoto; T Oishi; D Fuchimoto; S Suzuki; S Yazaki; A Onishi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Transgenic Pig Research Unit, Genetically Modified Organism Research Center, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Ikenodai 2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0901, Japan.
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