Document Detail

Population survey of the human FMR1 CGG repeat substructure suggests biased polarity for the loss of AGG interruptions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8634688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Both sequence length and sequence content are important parameters in determining stability of the fragile X syndrome CGG repeat. In order to estimate the incidence of uninterrupted CGG repeats in the general population and to gain insight into mechanisms responsible for the loss and acquisition of AGG interruptions, 406 randomly selected FMR1 CGG repeat alleles from four broad ethnic groups were assayed for AGG punctuation. Among the 79 different classes of alleles detected, long uninterrupted tracts of pure repeats were rare in the general population, with only 1/406 or 0.25% found at the instability threshold (34-37 pure CGG repeats). There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the distribution of alleles with long (>20) pure repeat tracts among the different ethnic groups, suggesting that different ethnic groups should be equally susceptible to the development of the disease. Analysis of an additional 43 alleles with total repeat lengths between 35 and 50 repeats, revealed that highly interrupted CGG repeats alleles (>2 AGG interruptions) occur preferentially at modal repeat lengths in the population, providing confirmatory evidence that the presence of AGG interruptions confers stability. A consideration of length variation of the most 3' tract of pure repeats revealed a bimodal distribution pattern with maxima at approximately 10 and 20 repeats. Only unimodal distributions with maxima 9 or 10 were observed for the 5' tract and middle CGG tract within the FMR1 CGG repeat substructure. These results suggest that the loss of the most 3' AGG interruption or its conversion to CGG is a common event in the human population, occurring by a mechanism which preserves overall repeat length. This bias for loss of the distal-most AGG interruption likely plays an important part in predisposing human alleles to the development of the X syndrome.
E E Eichler; H A Hammond; J N Macpherson; P A Ward; D L Nelson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human molecular genetics     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0964-6906     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Mol. Genet.     Publication Date:  1995 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-07-08     Completed Date:  1996-07-08     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208958     Medline TA:  Hum Mol Genet     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2199-208     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Base Sequence
Ethnic Groups / genetics
Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein
Gene Frequency
Genetic Variation*
Molecular Sequence Data
Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
Population Surveillance
RNA-Binding Proteins*
Trinucleotide Repeats*
X Chromosome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/FMR1 protein, human; 0/Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0/RNA-Binding Proteins; 139135-51-6/Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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