Document Detail


Population impact of mortality reduction: the effects of elimination of major causes of death on the 'saved' population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7409960     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this paper we examine the effects on life expectancy of elimination of 4 major causes of death. Methodologically, we compare the results of cause elimination under assumptions of pattern of failure elimination and assumptions of underlying cause elimination in a modified multiple-decrement life table framework for the segment of the population impacted. The 4 diseases selected for analysis are cancer, ischaemic heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, major killers among the elderly population. The degree to which life expectancy changes occur within the population from elimination of a given cause if a function of 3 factors: 1) distribution of age at death by cause for persons who die of that cause, 2) the gain in person years lived for those 'saved' from dying from that cause which has been eliminated, and 3) the proportion of all deaths which are due to the specific cause which is eliminated. Mortality data from the 1969 U.S. multiple cause mortality tapes from NCHS are analysed to determine the impact of life expectancy for males and females of both races when one of these 4 specific causes of death is eliminated.
Authors:
K G Manton; C H Patrick; E Stallard
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of epidemiology     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0300-5771     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Epidemiol     Publication Date:  1980 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-11-20     Completed Date:  1980-11-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802871     Medline TA:  Int J Epidemiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  111-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cerebrovascular Disorders / epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Continental Population Groups
Coronary Disease / epidemiology
Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Life Expectancy*
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality
Neoplasms / epidemiology
Preventive Medicine*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG01159-03/AG/NIA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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