Document Detail


Population-based study of non-infectious rhinitis in relation to occupational exposure, age, sex, and smoking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12111687     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Many types of occupational exposure are associated with the risk of non-infectious rhinitis. We investigate the risk factors for this association. METHODS: A random population of 2,044 subjects (aged 21-51) answered a questionnaire that was comprised of detailed questions on occupational exposure, nasal complaints, and smoking. NIR was defined as the sensation of nasal blockage and/or attacks of sneezing without having a cold. The incidence rates for NIR among exposed and unexposed were calculated. In the different exposed groups, only NIR with onset after the start of exposure was regarded as exposed. If a subject reported NIR before the relevant exposure started, he/she was excluded from that analysis. Relative risks (RR) were calculated as incidence rate ratios. Odds ratios controlling for smoking, age, and atopy were also calculated. RESULTS: The incidence rate for NIR was 13.5/1,000 person-years. Males exposed to fire fumes (RR 2.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-4.1), women exposed to paper dust (RR 2.0, 95% CI 1.5-2.9), and male cleaners (RR 3.1, 95% CI 1.9-5.1) displayed an increased risk of developing NIR. Smoking was associated with an increased risk of NIR for both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to several occupational irritants is associated with a higher risk of developing NIR.
Authors:
Johan Hellgren; Linnea Lillienberg; Jan Jarlstedt; Göran Karlsson; Kjell Torén
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of industrial medicine     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0271-3586     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Ind. Med.     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-11     Completed Date:  2002-09-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8101110     Medline TA:  Am J Ind Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  23-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Confidence Intervals
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure*
Occupations*
Odds Ratio
Questionnaires
Random Allocation
Retrospective Studies
Rhinitis / epidemiology*,  etiology
Risk
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Smoking / adverse effects*
Sweden / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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