Document Detail

A Population-Based Study of Fish Allergy in the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22846665     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Fish allergy is the third most common food allergy after milk and egg in parts of Europe, but there is little data about prevalence in South East Asia where it is an important part of regular diets. Objective: We aimed to obtain an estimate of the population prevalence of fish allergy among older children in the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Methods: The population prevalence of fish allergy in 14- to 16-year-old children in the 3 countries was evaluated using a structured written questionnaire which was distributed to students of randomly selected secondary schools. An extended questionnaire to determine convincing fish allergy on the basis of typical clinical manifestations within 2 h of ingestion was administered to those with positive responses. Results: From acohort of 25,842 students, responses were 81.1% in the Philippines (n = 11,434), 67.9% in Singapore (n = 6,498) and 80.2% (n = 2,034) in Thailand. Using criteria for convincing food allergy, fish allergy was much higher in the Philippines [2.29%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.02-2.56] than in Singapore (0.26%, 95% CI 0.14-0.79) and Thailand (0.29%, 95% CI 0.06-0.52). Weighted multiple logistic regression analyses showed that compared to the Philippines, prevalence rates were lower in Singapore [odds ratio (OR) 0.40, 95% CI 0.27-0.60, p < 0.0001] and Thailand (OR 0.13, 95% CI 0.05-0.33, p < 0.0001). Females were more likely to have fish allergy compared to males for all children combined (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.11-1.58, p = 0.002). Most allergies appeared mild, as only 28% of cases sought medical consultation at the time of the reaction and 31.2% of cases reported continued exposure despite allergic symptoms. Conclusion: Fish allergy in late childhood is more common in the Philippines compared to Singapore and Thailand. Differences in food processing, dietary habits and other cultural practices might be important risk factors for the development of fish allergy in these populations.
Gary James Connett; Irvin Gerez; Elizabeth Ann Cabrera-Morales; Araya Yuenyongviwat; Jarungchit Ngamphaiboon; Pantipa Chatchatee; Pasuree Sangsupawanich; Shu-E Soh; Gaik-Chin Yap; Lynette Pei-Chi Shek; Bee-Wah Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  International archives of allergy and immunology     Volume:  159     ISSN:  1423-0097     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9211652     Medline TA:  Int Arch Allergy Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  384-390     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore.
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