Document Detail

Poor neurological sequelae of herpes simplex virus encephalitis in an infant despite adequate antiviral and adjunct corticosteroid therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22345788     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
A 2-month-old infant presented to our emergency department with fever, altered consciousness, and focal seizures of acute onset. He had vesicular skin lesions over the right preauricular region. CT brain showed a large hypodense lesion involving the left temporo-parietal region, left basal ganglia and left thalamus. MRI brain revealed bilateral multifocal corticomedullary lesions suggestive of encephalitis. CSF-PCR was positive for herpes simplex virus (HSV) type I. He was treated with standard dose intravenous acyclovir for 15 days along with a trial of pulse methylprednisolone, but was readmitted within a week with features of an early relapse. The infant survived but developed significant neurological sequelae. Although treatment of HSV is available, the neurological outcome is guarded even with adequate antiviral therapy. Adjunct corticosteroid therapy did not appear to attenuate the neurological sequelae.
Ratna B Basak; Varsha Malpani; Khalid Kakish; Susan Vargese; Nageshwar Chauhan; Andreas Boeck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of dermatology     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1998-3611     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Dermatol     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-20     Completed Date:  2012-08-23     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370750     Medline TA:  Indian J Dermatol     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  749-51     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Pediatrics, Alain Hospital-affiliate to Medical University of Vienna, Alain, United Arab Emirates .
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