Document Detail

Pooling Expressed Breastmilk to Provide a Consistent Feeding Composition for Premature Infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23039396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Objective: We hypothesized that pooling a mother's expressed breastmilk for 24 hours compared with individual pump session collection of milk would provide a more consistent caloric product without increasing bacterial contamination. Study Design: We investigated 24-hour pooled breastmilk collection by enrolling 19 mothers who were expressing milk for their infants. Mothers followed a standardized milk collection protocol for 4 study days: daily milk was pooled in a sterile 1-L bottle on Day 1, and on Day 2 milk was aliquoted for each pump session into a sterile 120-mL container. The next week the order of collection was reversed. Milk samples were plated, incubated, and evaluated for bacteria colonization. Milk samples were analyzed for protein, fat, and carbohydrate content. Results: There was inherently less variability in the caloric and nutrient content of pooled milk compared with individual samples, in which caloric density varied by as much as 29%. Mother's milk had highly variable bacterial counts ranging from 0 to greater than 100,000 colonies/mL. High bacteria counts (>100,000 colonies/mL) occurred in 14.7% (31 of 211) of individual samples compared with 8.6% (three of 35) of pooled samples (p=0.39). Conclusions: Twenty-four-hour pooling of human milk reduces nutrient and caloric variability without increasing bacterial counts.
Lisa M Stellwagen; Yvonne E Vaucher; Christina S Chan; Taylor D Montminy; Jae H Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1556-8342     ISO Abbreviation:  Breastfeed Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101260777     Medline TA:  Breastfeed Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego Medical Center , San Diego, California.
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