Document Detail

Ponderal index for discrimination between symmetric and asymmetric growth restriction: percentiles for neonates from 30 weeks to 43 weeks of gestation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16690508     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: The ponderal index describes body proportionality at birth thus distinguishing symmetric from asymmetric growth restriction. We aimed to develop ponderal index percentiles for preterm and term neonates born in a European population. METHODS: Auxologic data were obtained from neonates born from January 1990 to December 1998 from the datasets reported to the perinatal quality assurance system of the Federal State of Hesse, Germany. We excluded data from neonates with lethal malformations, with chromosomal aberrations, from multiple births, from neonates with uncertain gestational age, and from neonates of a gestational age of less than 30 completed weeks. We calculated the weekly 5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, and 95th ponderal index percentile values. RESULTS: A total of 480,841 neonates (233,662 females and 247,179 males) were included. Charts and tables of ponderal index values show percentiles for males, females, and for the total group. There were no significant differences between boys and girls. CONCLUSION: Our data offer the ability to refer a neonate's body proportionality to updated percentiles. The percentiles allow the discrimination between symmetric and asymmetric growth restriction in preterm and term infants.
Eva Landmann; Irwin Reiss; Björn Misselwitz; Ludwig Gortner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1476-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-12     Completed Date:  2006-11-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Pediatric Center, Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight / physiology*
Body Height / physiology*
Fetal Growth Retardation / physiopathology
Gestational Age*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Maternal Age
Premature Birth

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