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Polyunsaturated fatty acids are incorporated into maturating male mouse germ cells by lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase 3.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21968070     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) accumulate in mammalian testis during puberty and are essential for fertility. To investigate whether lysophospholipid acyltransferases determine the PUFA composition of testicular phospholipids during pubertal development, we compared their mRNA expression, in vitro activity, and specificity with the lipidomic profile of major phospholipids. The accumulation of PUFAs in phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylserine correlated with an induced lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase (LPAAT)3 mRNA expression, increased microsomal LPAAT3 activity, and shift of LPAAT specificity to PUFA-coenzyme A. LPAAT3 was induced during germ cell maturation, as shown by immunofluorescence microscopy. Accordingly, differentiation of mouse GC-2spd(ts) spermatocytes into spermatides up-regulated LPAAT3 mRNA, increased the amount of polyunsaturated phospholipids, and shifted the specificity for the incorporation of deuterium-labeled docosahexaenoic acid toward phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. Stable knockdown of LPAAT3 in GC-2spd(ts) cells significantly decreased microsomal LPAAT3 activity, reduced levels of polyunsaturated phosphatidylethanolamine species, and impaired cell proliferation/survival during geneticin selection. We conclude that the induction of LPAAT3 during germ cell development critically contributes to the accumulation of PUFAs in testicular phospholipids, thereby possibly affecting sperm cell production.-Koeberle, A., Shindou, H., Harayama, T., Yuki, K., Shimizu, T. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are incorporated into maturating male mouse germ cells by lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase 3.
Authors:
Andreas Koeberle; Hideo Shindou; Takeshi Harayama; Koichi Yuki; Takao Shimizu
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-6860     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804484     Medline TA:  FASEB J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
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