Document Detail


Polymorphism of Fas and Fas ligand in preterm premature rupture of membranes in singleton pregnancies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16157125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Fetal inflammatory response has been previously shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of preterm premature rupture of membranes. We investigated the association between polymorphisms at position -670 in the Fas gene and position -124 in the Fas ligand gene demonstrated in neonatal oral mucosa cells and preterm premature rupture of membranes. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-six singleton pregnancies were studied. Eighteen pregnancies were complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes, and 18 were delivered at term without preterm premature rupture of membranes. Buccal swabs were obtained from each neonate, and extracted deoxyribonucleic acid was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism for an adenine (A) to guanine (G) substitution at position -670 in the Fas promoter gene and at position -124 in the Fas ligand gene. chi2 and Fisher's exact tests were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: There was no difference with respect to race, maternal age, and parity between the 2 groups. Frequencies of Fas -670 AG, -AA, and -GG genotypes in preterm premature rupture of membranes group were significantly different from those in the control group (P = .004). The frequency of the heterozygous AG genotype was significantly higher in preterm premature rupture of membranes group as compared with controls (83.3% versus 33.3%, P = .003). Fas -670 AA genotype was not observed among patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes. Similarly, the difference of frequencies of the Fas ligand -124 AG, -AA, and -GG genotypes among preterm premature rupture of membranes group and controls was observed but did not reach statistical significance. Neither of the groups demonstrated homozygous GG genotype at position -124 of the Fas ligand gene. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate an association between preterm premature rupture of membranes and increased prevalence of neonatal AG genotype at -670 Fas promoter gene. Genetically predetermined regulation of the Fas/Fas ligand system appears to play an important role in the pathogenesis of the preterm premature rupture of membranes.
Authors:
Aleksandr Fuks; Lance A Parton; Satya Polavarapu; Denise Netta; Sonya Strassberg; Ioana Godi; Chaur-Dong Hsu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  193     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-13     Completed Date:  2005-10-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1132-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York Medical College, Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Antigens, CD95 / genetics*
Fas Ligand Protein
Female
Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture / genetics*
Genotype
Humans
Maternal Age
Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics*
Mouth Mucosa
Parity
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
Pregnancy
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antigens, CD95; 0/FASLG protein, human; 0/Fas Ligand Protein; 0/Membrane Glycoproteins

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