Document Detail


Polymer-free immobilization of a cyclic RGD peptide on a nitinol stent promotes integrin-dependent endothelial coverage of strut surfaces.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22278946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the utility of a stabilized cyclic RGD peptide chemically modified to selectively bind to titanium-oxide for enhanced biocompatibility of self-expanding nitinol stents. Endothelial cells express integrin receptors that promote attachment to subendothelial matrix proteins. Integrin binding to arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide derivatives mimic naturally occurring adherent interactions. Irreversible covalent surface coating of conventional nitinol stents with a cyclic RGD (cRGD) peptide highly specific for integrin alpha v beta 3 might foster endothelialization after stent implantation. A selective cRGD peptide was irreversibly immobilized onto titanium oxide-rich nitinol coupons or self-expanding stents. Functionality of the engrafted RGD peptide was demonstrated using in vitro endothelial bioassays. A subsequent 7-day in vivo endothelialization study was performed using cRGD-coated self-expanding nitinol stents in rabbits. cRGD peptide coating effectively promoted endothelial cell anchorage, migration, and proliferation confirmed by increased focal adhesions. Proof-of-concept studies of rabbit cRGD stent implants showed a significant increase in endothelial coverage above stent struts relative to stents coated with BSA (cRGD = 70.1 ± 21.9 vs. BSA = 49.9 ± 21.8%, p < 0.03). Immobilization of cRGD peptides on strut surfaces represents an innovative strategy to improve endothelialization, which may facilitate vascular healing after stent implantation. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2012.
Authors:
Michael Joner; Qi Cheng; Sabine Schönhofer-Merl; Monica Lopez; Stefanie Neubauer; Carlos Mas-Moruno; Burkhardt Laufer; Frank D Kolodgie; Horst Kessler; Renu Virmani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-4981     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101234238     Medline TA:  J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
CVPath Institute, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20878.
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